SHARJAH, United Arab Emirates, (CMC):Not even a sensational beaver-trick by former Jamaica and West Indies left-arm seamer Krishmar Santokie could prevent Gemini Arabians from pulling off a 12-run victory over Sagittarius Strikers in the Masters Champions League here yesterday.The 31-year-old, who played the last of his 12 Twenty20 Internationals two years ago, grabbed four consecutive wickets off the first four balls of the final over to help restrict a rampant Arabians to 224 for seven off their 20 overs at the Sharjah Cricket Stadium.Opting to bat first, Arabians were propelled by Indian opener Virender Sehwag who belted 134 off 63 balls, with ten fours and 11 sixes.He put on 86 for the first wicket with South African Jacques Rudolph who hit 27 and a further 135 for the second wicket with Sri Lankan Kumar Sangakkara who scored 51 from 33 deliveries.Recently retired West Indies left-hander Shiv Chanderpaul was unbeaten on one from two deliveries at the end.SUPERB OVERSSantokie, who had taken one wicket in an earlier spell, finished with five for 30 in a superb four-over spell to be the leading bowler for Strikers.He bowled Sangakkara with the first ball of the over and then proceeded to remove Brad Hodge, Justin Kemp and Naved-ul-Hasan all without scoring, while conceding just one run from the final over of the innings.In reply, Imran Farhat stroked 52 from 32 deliveries, Yasir Hameed, 41 from 22 balls with a four and four sixes and Yasir Arafat a 16-ball 32 with four sixes, but Strikers still slumped to 177 for nine in the 18th over.However, Santokie arrived to smash an unbeaten 23 from nine balls with three sixes in a 35-run, last wicket stand with Shane Bond who got 12 not out, as Strikers came up short in the end.
The Ganta Police Detail has confirmed the arrest at Ganta Immigration Checkpoint of two residents of Gbarnga, Bong County, with a large consignment of single barrel gunshots.Police identified the men as Smith G. Wuonaaneh and Sackor Swen, both Liberians. They were picked up over the weekend at the border checkpoint with Guinea. The two men were on board a vehicle, which had crossed over from Guinea, when they were apprehended by Liberian border guards.Police said that at least 1000 bullets were seized from both men. It is not yet clear what the suspects intended to do with the gunshots, our Nimba County correspondent said.But locals who were present at the time of the arrest said that they believe the gunshots were intended for hunting purposes.Single-barrel guns were used for animal hunting before the 14-year Liberian Civil War, which ended in 2003. But the use of these guns has since been banned and prohibited throughout the country.The two men allegedly brought the gunshots from neighboring Guinea, which has closed its borders with Liberia as a result of the deadly Ebola Virus Disease (EVD).But ever since the closure of the border, there still exists secret cross-border activities in Ganta.The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) officials at the Ganta Immigration Check Point last month seized at least 14 cartons of single-barrel rounds, loaded onto a vehicle headed for Monrovia.William Fayah of the DEA told the Daily Observer that the gunshots were seized from a young Guinean–Liberian, Makoni Dorleh, who had entered Liberia at the Gbloryee Port #1 (a sub–port around Ganta’s main port of entry).Dorleh’s case was reportedly transferred to the headquarters of the Liberia National Police (LNP) in Monrovia. But up to present nothing has been heard of the case in Nimba, our correspondent says.The two men connected to the arrest are said to have been transferred to Sanniquellie for further investigation by police. Sanniquellie is the headquarters of the Nimba County local government.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo has rubbished claims made by President David Granger that he has been dealing with domestic issues, which is the main reason why he has not been able to have frequent interactions with the local press.Jagdeo was severely critical of the President’s comment, stating that his excuse was baseless and did not hold any truth. As such, the former Head of State fact-checked the comments the President made in relation to this issue.Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo“Granger shamelessly claims that he has been dealing with issues in the petroleum sector. We have so many unanswered questions,” he said. The Opposition Leader referred to the Local Content Policy, the Petroleum Commission and the Sovereign Wealth Fund as some of the issues that still needed to be looked at in that sector.Jagdeo maintains the view that a strong local content policy will allow Guyana to safeguard opportunities for locals and not allow locals to be crowded out in the sector. On the Petroleum Commission, he argued, it ought to be a purely technical commission, but it is currently configured to give excessive powers to one person.Jagdeo made it clear that none of the critical questions surrounding the establishment of a Sovereign Wealth Fund, promised over a year ago, have been answered by the coalition Government.He noted that a statement of principles, such as the Santiago Principles, on which the establishment of the Fund would be based would have sufficed.He also reiterated the need for there to be an apolitical approach to setting up the Fund, a clear definition of the purpose of the Fund, and clearly defined rules on spending from the Fund, among others.On the President’s statement on crime being addressed, Jagdeo said the country was being ravaged on a daily basis by criminals and the Government has been giving the wrong signals to the security forces.“This country is being ravaged on a daily basis by criminals …. this hopelessly misguided, inept, government is giving wrong signals to our security forces … they are not acting … the report from the Presidential Security Advisor (Russell Combe) has not even seen the light of day yet…,” he added.On July 9, in defending why he has not held a press conference in months and why there were fewer formal engagements with the media, Granger said that his schedule was a major factor.“My heart is in the right place, but right now, I’ve had a really difficult period of public engagement and overseas travel,” the President told the media on the sidelines of an event.He added: “This time last week, I was in Montego Bay, the week before I was in Da Nang, Vietnam. It could be a very challenging period and as soon as I get the opportunity, I will engage with the press, but I’ve been travelling quite a lot … I’m asking the media to be tolerant.”Granger had also said that he was preoccupied with dealing with several local issues.“It could be a challenging period and as soon as I get the opportunity, I would engage with the press, but I’ve been travelling quite a lot and then to deal with domestic issues – the sugar industry, we have to deal with the petroleum industry, I have to deal with crime and security,” he had explained.In the past, the Guyana Press Association (GPA) and other groups, including the People’s Progressive Party (PPP), have urged Granger to meet with the press.These groups have also criticised Government for its silence on a number of matters of national importance, calling on the President to toughen up and face the entire local media corps.The GPA had acknowledged that the President was not averse to speaking with the media on the side-lines of public events or during his “Public Interest” televised programme; however, the Association said that it believed that accountability to the Guyanese people would be best served through press conferences.Public officials under the coalition Government have gone mute for a while now.Prime Minister Moses Nagamootoo, who has responsibility for public information, is also unavailable to the media and does not host press conferences to update the media or the public on what is going on with his office or the Government.Political analysts and commentators have noted that there was a new culture seemingly developing whereby Ministers of Government were abusing and assaulting the media directly when displeased with a specific line of questioning, coverage of an event or editorial position of a newspaper on a particular matter.After two years in office, President Granger held a press conference in December 2017, only the second since the coalition came into Government in May 2015.
0Shares0000Tony Chapron, who kicked Diego Carlos and then showed the player a red card, faced his own punishment on Thursday © AFP/File / LOIC VENANCEPARIS, France, Feb 2 – The French referee who kicked out at a player during a Ligue 1 game was Thursday handed a three-month ban by disciplinary chiefs with a further three months suspended.Tony Chapron, 45, kicked Diego Carlos of Nantes towards the end of the match against Paris Saint-Germain on January 14 after being knocked over when the pair collided. Chapron sent the player off before apologising the next day, saying Carlos had bumped into him but that his own reaction had been “clumsy” and “inappropriate”.The French Football Federation (FFF) suspended Chapron “until further notice” and the league’s disciplinary commission met Thursday in Paris with Chapron attending the two-hour proceedings with his lawyer.“The meeting took place in a calm atmosphere which was in contrast to the media lynching (around the affair),” said Samuel Chevret, the referee’s lawyer.At the time of the affair, the FFF said in a statement that Chapron had reviewed video footage of the incident and “noted that his fall had been caused accidentally”.Chapron apologised, saying in a statement to AFP: “The Nantes player, Diego Carlos, crashed into me.“At the time of the collision, I felt a sharp pain where I had recently suffered an injury. My unfortunate reaction was to stick my leg out towards the player.”Several weeks before the incident, Chapron had announced that he planned to retire from refereeing at the end of the season.He has been refereeing in France’s top flight since 2004 and has taken charge of more than 400 matches, including the French Cup final in 2014. In October, he refereed a game in the Chinese Super League.Before Thursday’s hearing FFF president Noel Le Graet said: “He’s someone who has done a beautiful job. He has made a small mistake, that he clearly recognises. Killing him at this point achieves nothing. He’s someone who deserves respect.”Tony Chapron attended a disciplinary heading in Paris on Thursday © AFP / Lionel BONAVENTUREThere are almost no precedents for Chapron’s offence in France. In 2015, Philippe Kalt lost his chance of refereeing the League Cup final for elbowing away Adamo Coulibaly while showing a card to another Lens player. But he was back refereeing in Ligue 1 before the end of the season.Footage of Chapron’s kick went viral across the world.Nantes president Waldemar Kita, who was seen laughing incredulously after the red card was shown, said he spoke to Chapron at the end of the game.“He told me that he had never wanted to kick the player and that he had felt himself pushed in the back,” he told French television.“It’s a joke. I got 20 text messages from across the world telling me this referee is a joke.”Nantes midfielder Valentin Rongier had a good view of the incident and called for the referee to be given a long ban.“He says he slipped, but I know he kicked him,” Rongier told Canal+.“I know it’s very difficult to referee but you have to question them from time to time… We do that, we get a 10-match ban.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
Special Olympics Ireland Collection Day will take place in Donegal and throughout Ireland on Friday 15th April – and the organisation is appealing for helpers!This is the group’s biggest annual fundraising event and is essential to them, both in terms of awareness and fund raising.Their target is to raise €1million on the day but to do this they will need a minimum of 3,500 volunteers to take to the streets of Ireland and shake a bucket for them. BELOW IS A NOTICE WE ARE ISSUING ON BEHALF OF THE SPECIAL OLYMPICS: 2011 Special Olympics Ireland Collection DaySpecial Olympics’ collection day, sponsored by eircom will take place throughout Ireland on Friday April 15th.This is our biggest annual fundraising event and is essential to ensuring the ongoing sustainability and growth of our programme of sport for people with an intellectual disability throughout Ireland.There are currently 11,000 athletes involved in Special Olympics activities in Ireland. This year Ireland 126 athletes from all over the country will represent Ireland at the 2011 Special Olympics World Summer Games in Athens in June. This is the biggest sporting occasion for people with an intellectual disability in the World and Team Ireland are determined to do us all proud on this prestigious international sporting stageCollection Day is the biggest annual fundraising event in aid of Special Olympics Ireland and we need 3,500 volunteers to help us collect on the day.To get involved and collect in your area please visit www.specialolympics.ie/collectionday or text Collect followed by your name and county to 51444.SPECIAL OLYMPICS: ORGANISERS APPEAL FOR FUND-RAISERS was last modified: April 1st, 2011 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Btw where the Pogba haters at today?🤡 Guys been on it #FRA #MUFC— Sean (@SJK_91) June 30, 2018 1 Fallon d’Floor Paul Pogba having a very good World Cup campaign. You won’t hear nothing about that in the media though 🤷🏻♂️— UnitedReview (@TheUtdReview) June 30, 2018Pogba certainly had a better match than Marcos Rojo, who gave away the penalty for France’s first goal, with Man United fans hammering him for the reckless challenge.talkSPORT will be with listeners all day and all night at this year’s 2018 FIFA World Cup™ with over 800 hours of World Cup content and all 64 games live across the talkSPORT network. Learn the words for England’s catchy Gareth Southgate song Paul. Labile. Pogba. My midfielder.— Adam McKola (@AdamMcKola) June 30, 2018 Manchester United fans were left delighted as they watch their star midfielder Paul Pogbarun the show as France beat Argentina 4-3 in their World Cup 2018 last 16 clash.It was a thrilling game in Kazan as the two sides battled brilliantly in what will surely be remembered as one of the best matches of the tournament. misery France and Manchester United star Paul Pogba in action against Argentina. There’s only one way to stop Paul Pogba. #mufc pic.twitter.com/P3Jl8ahP5x— United Xtra (@utdxtra) June 30, 2018 Good times Latest World Cup 2018 news Pogba dropping a 10/10 in the biggest stage of all. What a player. Don’t let anyone else tell you different.— Harsha (@VintageMUFC) June 30, 2018 Arsenal star Laurent Koscielny admits he didn’t want France to win World Cup SUPERSTITION Paul Pogba buys France World Cup winners specially designed rings ‘It could have been me’ – Allardyce admits World Cup was tough to watch Kylian Mbappe may get the headlines for his goals but Pogba was sensational alongside N’Golo Kante in the middle of the park.And Man United supporters were happy to highlight the dazzling display from the £90million star, who has come in for plenty of criticism in the Premier League from rival fans, and even Jose Mourinho, at times.You can see what they had to say about Pogba’s stunning showing for France below. Paul Pogba sends Argentina home… Thoughts are with Graeme Souness at this difficult time! pic.twitter.com/lCQDI7ah7m— Full Time DEVILS (@FullTimeDEVILS) June 30, 2018 Paul Pogba running the show out there. He’s been outstanding today. So happy he’s ours, and we should keep him for as long as we possibly can.— The Man Utd Way (@TheManUtdWay) June 30, 2018 You’re the one LU BEAUTY Pure class diamond geezer Special mention for Pogba who was excellent in the centre of a very impressive #Fra midfield.— Tom McDermott (@MrTomMcDermott) June 30, 2018 Watch every goal England scored at the 2018 World Cup NO JOY Olivier Giroud confirms N’Golo Kante is the nicest man in football Paul Pogba’s game by numbers vs. Argentina:13 passes in the final third10 ball recoveries 2 interceptions 2 take-ons completed 2 tackles completed 2 aerial duels won1 key passExcited to see more of this at Old Trafford? #FRA pic.twitter.com/oigGn2GcZn— Statman Dave (@StatmanDave) June 30, 2018 Southgate makes young England fan’s day by replying to his letter Shame we never see this Pogba in a United shirt. Seems to care, thrive, and express himself more. United need to sort out why this summer because he’s an all round fantastic player— Mark Goldbridge (@markgoldbridge) June 30, 2018 Dele Alli reveals pre-match rituals and lucky charms he has before matches Shy guy Paul Pogba managed 7 ball recoveries in 45 minutes against Peru & 10 ball recoveries against Argentina, the most from any player on the pitch. Like it or not, José Mourinho has improved Paul’s defensive game, massively.— manutd news (@manunitedmedia) June 30, 2018 A reminder to Liverpool fans about the very comical threat Neymar offers Why does Luis Suarez kiss his wrist when he celebrates a goal?
HIS book last year led to Kevin Cassidy’s controversial exit from the Donegal senior football squad.But Declan Bogue – journalist and author of ‘This Is Our Year’ – has made another altogether different contribution to the great Donegal GAA debate.Writing in the Belfast Telegraph Bogue heaps praise on the Donegal squad and their manager Jim McGuinness. “In an amateur game, Jim McGuinness has managed to cultivate his panel into a group of obsessives who crave hard word. It’s like having 30 Kieran McGeeneys in your squad and when you have that appetite and that drive, it surpasses reputations or the natural order of where Donegal should be,” he writes.He goes on later in his article: “Donegal can win an All-Ireland. Without a doubt. Whenever the pre-season rankings are listed, Kildare always weigh in without ever acquiring the habit of winning. They would kill for Donegal’s confidence right now.”You can read more of his article here:http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/sport/columnists/declan-bogue/declan-bogue-donegalrsquos-craft-and-graft-a-joy-to-watch-16174924.html CONTROVERSIAL PUNDIT: DONEGAL’S CRAFT AND GRAFT A JOY TO WATCH was last modified: June 22nd, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week Officials plan to have the 10-acre Grovedale site appraised. After determining its optimal value, district officials will offer Carden School officials first chance at buying the property. The district plans to ask for a $1.3 million down payment for the school site. The pending sale is part of the board’s overall plan for balancing this year’s budget. The fiscal recovery plan was created after officials with the Los Angeles County Office of Education rejected the district’s initial budget, saying Lowell officials overestimated revenues, among other issues. The recovery plan also identifies potential cuts through 2008. Among the cuts proposed are the layoffs of 23 teachers and the elimination of class-size reduction in first through third grades in 2006-07. Board Vice President Janet Averill said she continues to hold out hope that other revenues will come through to prevent the board from implementing the cuts. “We hope something will happen so that we don’t have to do it,” she said. WHITTIER — To solve a $1.3 million shortfall in this year’s budget, the Lowell Joint School District will sell one of its elementary schools as part of a fiscal recovery plan submitted to the county. Grovedale School, which is leased by the private Carden School at 11537 Grovedale Drive in East Whittier, could fetch much more than $1.3 million. But officials believe its sale is the most feasible option for resolving the district’s financial problems quickly. School board members this week approved the sale. Interim Superintendent Ronald Randolph said the district does not have the option of laying off employees or cutting salaries, since most of its employees are protected by their annual contracts. “Without the ability to make personnel reductions, this is the best plan,” he said. “The board was reluctant to sell in the past, but given the emergency nature of the situation, I’m very proud that they unanimously decided to take the necessary action.” County education office officials also recommended the district hire an outside financial consultant, which the board also approved. In general, Randolph said, such consultants charge about $150 an hour. Because the county education office rejected Lowell’s original budget proposal, by state law the district is required to create a budget review committee. But county officials say they’re confident they can work with the district to resolve its financial problems. Lowell and county education officials have requested a waiver from the state to hold off on convening the budget review panel. “The waiver’s been signed by both the district and the county,” Randolph said. — Tracy Garcia can be reached at (562) 698-0955, Ext. 3051, or by e-mail at email@example.comWant local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
U.S. AIR FORCE ACADEMY, Colo. – Drake guard Roman Penn scored a career-high 22 points with nine assists to lead the Drake men’s basketball team to an 85-80 road win at Air Force Saturday afternoon.The win improved Drake to 10-3 to give the Bulldogs’ 10 non-conference wins for the second-straight year and just the fifth time in the last 30 years.Penn was critical down the stretch, scoring 11 of his points in the final nine minutes, including a key three-point play with 42 seconds left to effectively seal the Bulldogs’ first road win of the season.”I love those moments,” Penn said. “I’m happy that coach trusts me to make a play when I want to make a play for the team. I want to win and will do whatever that takes.”Penn was followed in scoring by 16 points from Liam Robbins and 12 points from Jonah Jackson as he went 4-of-9 from the three-point arc. As a team, the Bulldogs shot 13-of-28 from the arc, their second-best performance from three-point range this season.”We knew it was just a matter of time before we had some guys start shooting well again,” said Drake head coach Darian DeVries. “It was contagious that the different guys were making them at different points of the game. I was really excited to see that from our offense.”Air Force (6-7) was led by 24 points from Ryan Swan as the Falcons shot 68.2 percent in the second half to challenge the Bulldogs.Air Force came out a resolved squad in the second half, quickly erasing a 10-point halftime deficit to take a 57-54 lead seven minutes into the period after eight-straight points. A Noah Thomas three-pointer with 11 minutes left helped stop that Air Force surge and seven-straight points followed to put Drake up 70-62 with nine minutes left. Thomas finished with 10 points, eight in the second half to provide his usual energy off the bench.However, Air Force did not take that blow without responding as they continued to hit shots with a Swan layup pulling the Falcons within three, 78-75, with 90 seconds left. But the Bulldogs had fight in equal doses as two offensive rebounds extended their next possession, allowing Penn to drive the lane and draw a foul on a made floater. Penn converted on the free throw to put the Bulldogs up six and give the team enough of a cushion to withstand the Falcons’ final attempts at a comeback.”We were able to make a bunch of plays down the stretch, especially Roman Penn,” DeVries said. “He was fantastic. He was calling for the timeouts, so I just got out of his way said, ‘okay, you go and do your thing.’ He certainly did that.”Drake’s hot shooting started early as the team made its first six shots from the field to take a 14-6 lead with a 7-0 run. But Air Force clamped down and held Drake scoreless for nearly three minutes before back-to-back three-pointers from Wilkins got the Bulldog offense back in gear. Wilkins’ spark keyed a 13-2 scoring run that gave the Bulldogs a 27-12 lead as the shots continued to fall while the defense forced turnovers into runout opportunities.The Falcons trimmed the lead to eight points with four minutes left in the half before Pilipovic and Jackson scored eight-straight points to stretch the Bulldogs’ lead out to 16 points, 42-26, with two minutes to play. However, Air Force countered with an 8-2 run to close the half and trim the deficit to 10 points at halftime. The Falcons kept that momentum on the other side of the break until Penn’s efforts finally sent the Bulldogs into the holiday break with a win.The Bulldogs begin conference play next with a Dec. 31 contest at defending Missouri Valley Conference Tournament champions Bradley. Print Friendly Version Full Schedule Roster Live Stats ESPN 1350 ESPN+ Story Links Box Score (PDF) Next Game: Postgame Notes at Bradley 12/31/2019 – 6 p.m.
Myosin is one of the cell’s little monorail motors that trucks cargo around the cell, pushes false feet into the surrounding environment, forces packages out the cell membrane, makes muscles move and wiggles hairlike cilia. Scientists reporting in Nature1 found twice as many varieties of myosin (37) than were previously known (17) and decided to plug them into the evolutionary tree of life and figure out how they diversified throughout eukaryotic lineages. Although they found many “synapomorphies” (apparent instances of “convergent evolution”), Richards and Cavalier-Smith think they reduced the diversity of myosins down to three ancestral types. They wrote, “We conclude that the eukaryotic cenancestor (last common ancestor) had a cilium, mitochondria, pseudopodia, and myosins with three contrasting domain combinations and putative functions” (emphasis added in all quotes). They did not elaborate, however, on how these mechanisms and functions arose in the hypothetical single-celled ancestor. Margaret Titus, commenting on this paper in the same issue of Nature,2 said, “Analysis of their sequences in a wide range of organisms reveals an unexpected variety of domains, and provides insights into the nature of the earliest eukaryotes.” In another molecular-machine story, three scientists found that the cellular powerhouse motors named ATP synthase come in pairs. Reporting in PNAS,3 they actually photographed pairs of the miniature machines – an incredible feat, considering they are only about 12 nanometers tall – and found them bridged together at 40° angles. They suspect that this arrangement helps in the formation of cristae (curved membranes within the mitochondria) and stabilizes the little rotary engines as they generate ATP: “This complex is assumed to improve the efficiency of ATP synthesis by substrate-product channeling.” The authors did not speculate on the evolution of the motors or of the larger structure that they call an “ATP synthasome complex.” Additional proteins and enzymes, whose functions are as yet unknown, appear to take part in the operation.1Thomas A. Richards and Thomas Cavalier-Smith, “Myosin domain evolution and the primary divergence of eukaryotes,” Nature 436, 1113-1118 (25 August 2005) | doi: 10.1038/nature039492Margaret A. Titus, “Evolution: A treasure trove of motors,” Nature 436, 1097-1099 (25 August 2005) | doi: 10.1038/4361097a.Evolutionary theory is so useless. The first two scientists ought to be humbly standing in awe of cellular wonders at the fringe of our ability to comprehend them, and all they wanted to do was speculate about how machines built themselves by chance. Did Richards and Cavalier-Smith add any logical or observational support for evolution? Assuredly not. They merely assumed it from the start, then organized the observations into a presuppositional template. Could they delineate the actual mutations and selective forces that morphed one form into another? Could they tell how the original ancestral forms – already highly complex – emerged out of the primordial chemistry lab? Did they even for a moment consider the possibility that apparent design might represent actual design? Each of these motors, and the functions they perform, are examples of what Michael Behe dubbed irreducibly complex machines. Without myosin and the tracks on which they run already assembled and functioning, there would be no functional advantage on which natural selection could act. But even if the motors and tracks emerged somehow, why would they persist if there were no jobs? Like superhighways without towns and settlers, they would be like pork-barrel projects of dubious utility. The entire cell is interdependent. The cell as a unit has to have a high degree of minimum complexity in place before anything will work. Such cavalier speculation as exhibited here is no more logical or useful than arranging the cars at an auto show into an evolutionary sequence and claiming they arose without designers. The article about ATP synthase, by contrast, did not walk into Storybook Land. The team advanced our knowledge by using novel techniques to image the machines, and then offered a testable hypothesis about the purpose of the bridge structure. Notice that this was an implicit intelligent-design assumption. They assumed the bridging improved the efficiency of ATP synthesis by channeling the substrate into a coherent operation. That can be tested, whereas evolutionary speculation about presumed ancestors cannot. The paper also illustrated the common experience of biochemists that the closer we look at cellular structures, the more complex they become. By extension, that means the harder it becomes to explain them by evolution, and the more we begin to see design on higher levels of organization and efficiency. ATP synthase is wonderful enough, but to see it organized into an “ATP synthasome complex,” well – that’s awesome.(Visited 106 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0